Chicago Public Schools (CPS) is the third largest school district in the United States, serving more than 361,000 students. The district has a large population of underserved students, with 76% of students qualifying as economically disadvantaged. CPS is focused on ensuring that all students, regardless of their economic background, receive a high-quality education that prepares them for success in college, career and civic life.
Through the use of Naviance and by focusing on transitions, the district has achieved a college enrollment rate of 68%, a 13% increase in just two years, and a 36% increase since 2006. Transition Skills is one of the six key competencies identified in Naviance’s research-backed College, Career and Life Readiness Framework.
Around 30% of CPS students who intend to go to college do not enroll in the fall after graduation. That adds up to 5,000 students each year who experience “summer melt”, a phenomenon where college intending students fail to matriculate.
CPS quickly realized that a driving factor behind their summer melt challenge was that students were not prepared for the transition from high school to a higher education institution. In addition, many students were struggling with transitions earlier as well. Their data showed that transitioning from 8th to 9th grade was a crucial time for students to stay on track.
CPS began using Naviance to help students develop the skill sets and mindsets needed to achieve postsecondary success. Naviance is used to support Learn.Plan.Succed, a CPS high school graduation requirement intended to help guide students in reaching postsecondary success.
Transitioning from Middle to High School
To support students through the transitions they experience throughout their education journey, CPS developed a district-wide strategy. The first transition many students struggle with is from middle school to high school. “We lose many of our students during the transition from 8th to 9th grade for a variety of reasons,” said Patrick Milton, Executive Director of the Office of School Counseling and Postsecondary Advising. “Much of it has to do with the anxieties specific to the high school experience.” To support rising 9th graders, CPS established the “Freshman Connection 8th – 9th Transition Program” as an option for students to get academic counseling support during the summer months. It’s also an opportunity for students to get answers to questions about the high school experience.
Transitioning from High School to College
Most CPS students indicate their intent to enroll in college after graduation, but many factors can derail them from their plans. “Students encounter a range of barriers, including financial aid, housing, or finding transportation to actually get to their college campus,” said Milton. To provide support to students during critical summer months, CPS brings on summer transition counselors and college and career coaches.
Through Naviance, the counselors can identify students at risk for summer melt, and then reach out to the students and their families to offer extended transition support.
Transitioning from High School to Career
The district has also put in place supports for students transitioning directly to a career. “We want to make sure if they’re going into the workforce or a job training program that they are going to get the same level of support that our students who are applying to college are getting,” said Milton.
“To support students moving on to career after high school, we have built partnerships with organizations that have a strong sense of the necessary competencies to transition into the workforce,” said Milton. “We see workforce development through these partnerships as the equivalent to our summer transition counselors for students going on to college or university.”
Since establishing greater support for students over the summer months, CPS has made great strides in increasing student success beyond high school graduation.
- Since 2017, CPS’ college enrollment rate has risen by 6%, from 64% to 68% of graduates, a 36% increase from their 2006 enrollment rate of 50%.
- Within the first year that CPS began focusing on summer melt, their summer melt rate decreased by 20% and 1,000 additional students overcame obstacles to enroll in college the next fall.